It represents the lighthouse of Alexandria Private collection Right: A coin dating from Emperor Hadrian 117-138. Pharos of Alexandria, one of the and the most famous in antiquity. Reflecting the rise of Christianity and the factor of time, nature and the hand of man overcoming Antipater's seven wonders, Roman and Christian sites began to figure on the list, including the , and. In the fourteenth century it was Ibn Battuta who took up a similar description, two centuries later. A look at one one artist thougth the Lighthouse Of Alexandria looked like in his drawing.
But here it was useless to defend access to the lighthouse, the ramp was therefore hard, not removable. It was completed 20 years later and was the first lighthouse of the world. It was built on the island of Pharos, to help guide trade ships into its busy harbor at Alexandria, Egypt. There is a beginning of ramp access, and each floor is protected by a sort of backstay. After all, it was also Ptolemaic euergetism that resulted in the flourishing of Hellenistic culture and arts in Alexandria, as well as the building of the Great Library of Alexandria.
The writings indicated that the structure consisted of 4 main sections. It also appears on the seal of Alexandria University. Book 9, chapter 58: Perseus Project, Tufts University. Representation of the lighthouse Of the seven wonders of the ancient world, the lighthouse of Alexandria is probably the one with the most written traces - except for the pyramid of Cheops, of course. The Great Pyramid of Giza is the longest surviving of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The lighthouse of Alexandria is one of the seven wonders of the ancient world, the most recent.
The absolute end of the lighthouse was in 1480 when the Egyptian Mamelouk Sultan, Qaitbay decided to fortify Alexanders defence, he built a med-evil fort where the lighthouse had stood, he used the fallen stone and marble to build this fort. The lighthouse was the idea of Ptolemy Soter who took command over Egypt after Alexanders death, he ordered construction in 290 B. Most accounts indicate that it, like many other ancient buildings, was the victim of earthquakes. The Greeks were so impressed with it that they included it as one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Guide to Western Architecture Revised ed.
These explorations made it possible to identify many submerged blocks as well as various statues that were brought up to the surface, in particular a Ptolemy I in Pharaoh and Isis. The mirror of the Pharos Lighthouse appeared to be quite famous in ancient times. On top of this platform stood a square structure measuring 18 m 60 ft on each side and roughly 56 m 184 ft tall. Starting from the middle gallery, the lighthouse rises to its summit, narrowing more and more, not beyond, however, that a man can always make the turn while ascending. Moreover, the latter was built partially with the stones of the collapsed lighthouse. In the course of time it is possible to switch to other fuels, especially oil.
It appears that the lighthouse of Alexandria was visible to 50Kms in the round. A common theory is that stone from Egypt was used and it was then plated with white marble on the outside to give it the amazing beautiful appearance that everyone marveled at. It was an earthquake that destroyed the third floor of the lighthouse during the tenth century. It employed remarkable technology for the time, and stood for many centruies before being destroyed by a series of earthquakes. Since the silts of the Nile have filled the arm of the sea between the two, turning the island into peninsula.
Pharos Lighthouse stood on the eastern point of Pharos Island some distance from the city center of Alexandria. In the 10th century A. As one could imagine, the lighthouse was not the only thing that was so impressive about the Pharos Island lighthouse but even the architecture that went into things like the wall which was made of pure granite and was the length of at least 7 ancient stadiums and was directly attached to the lighthouse structure. They were visibly assembled on a bed of molten lead, acting as a shock absorber. Much of what is known about the structure of the lighthouse comes from a 1909 work by Hermann Thiersch, Pharos, antike, Islam und Occident. The lowest level was about 200 feet square and had the shape of a huge box.
Even if the difference between the square part and the cylindrical part is not distinguished on such work, it seems that the proportions are correct. In the middle of this section is a shaft and stairwell used for transporting material and fuel up the Pharos Lighthouse, and for visitors as well. Some researchers believe that ships docked just off this platform as well. Legacy The Lighthouse of Alexandria was named the 7th Wonder of the Ancient World. This one has the merit of existing, it shows a lighthouse without the octagonal central part and emphasizes the ramp of access. It was still standing when the Muslim traveller Ibn Jubayr visited the city in 1183.