The division of the people in three estates is more a social factor than a political one, the Enlightenment corresponds more to a cultural factor, and the increase of taxes is an economic cause of the French Revolution. The Revolution also gave new meanings and new ideas to the political ideas of the people. They were replaced by , who supported the American Revolution and proceeded with a policy of taking large international loans instead of raising taxes. Undoubtedly, the French Revolution sprang from a combination of intellectual ferment and material grievances. There were many factors that contributed to the spark of the revolution. Furthermore, contact between American revolutionaries and the French troops who served as anti-British mercenaries in North America helped spread revolutionary ideals to the French people.
However, the French people were greatly impressed with the ideals of freedom and democracy sought by the new United States, and these greatly influenced their thinking. If so, why did the F. The economic instability formed one of the most important causes of the French Revolution. No longer subject to censorship, political clubs began to form all over the country to support this work of reform. Ill-will between the British government and its colonies in North America began to develop after 1763. In this lesson, we will explore French politics, society, and the economy during the second half of the 18th century to first understand the unique background to one of the more convoluted revolutions in early modern history. What was lawful in one town might be illegal in the other town.
Montesquieu outright rejected the theory of the Divine Right of the kings and he suggested that the king should be selected by the will of the people. Commonly referred to as the February Revolution the FrenchRevolution of 1848 was predominantly caused by popular discontentof the French middle class. Political Cause: During the eighteen the Century France was the centre of autocratic monarchy. The Causes of the French Revolution were the significant historical factors that led to the revolution of 1789 in France. Politics was seen as the private business of the monarch, and all publications were subject to government censorship.
But this cannot be treated as the main cause of F. It cannot be denied that it was the French participation in this war that precipitated the great financial crisis and ultimately led to the French Revolution. Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa, pp. The french revolution made a lot of changes happen. Their King and Queen cared only for themselves.
The Clergy was subdivided into two groups i. Long years of war had drained the financial resources of France. The primary cause of the revolution was the disputes over the peoples' differing ideas of reform. While the main cause of the French Revolution was the social inequality, there were other reasons, which caused the French to revolt. These unwieldy systems led to arbitrary and unequal collection of France's. Inspired by Enlightenment philosophies that emphasized the equality of all people, these commoners formed their own legislative body, earning the support of the poor who were discontent with the king's response to rising food prices.
Now all France, which for two generations had been worked upon by the party of , shared the outcry against the financial situation. Taxation was out of control and the Nobles and Clergy were tax exempt. People revolted against the monarchy and surrounded the palace and Bastille fortress. The American Revolution demonstrated that it was plausible for Enlightenment ideas about how a government should be organized could actually be put into practice. The Revolution also created powerful enemies. The French population exceeded 28 million; of Europe's 178 to 188 millions, only had a greater population 37 to 41 million. But when Marxism and the Soviet Union collapsed historians turned back to deploring the Terror and arguing that it was inevitable.
With liberalization, owners of grain started to speculate by. The real cause of F. Major Causes There wasn't one event or condition that led to the French Revolution, but, rather, a number of factors came together to cause a perfect storm leading to the revolt of the people against the king. This did not sit well with the commoners, who would have to bear the financial burden despite having only a restricted role in the formation of policy. The benevolence and real military aid he gave to the rebels ofthe American Revolution, ironically caused France financialhardship.
They included salons or private discussion groups, more formal intellectual associations, masonic lodges, all devoted to socialising and talking and reading about the latest ideas. He participated in many wars. The general nature of autocratic rulers was to declare war against other states and to meet the expenses of war their normal behaviour or method was to impose heavy dose of taxes upon the people including the aristocrats and the wealthiest sections of the community. The American colonies had enjoyed a large degree of self-government, and they wanted even greater freedom from British control, so they resented the imposition of stronger British rule and heavier taxes. Unfortunately, nobody was really sure how it was supposed to work -- especially how the voting would go; Estates 1 and 2 felt that each estate should get one vote, because that would mean they controlled two thirds of the vote, while Estate 3 felt the vote should be representative of the population, because that would mean they controlled about 95% of the vote. The Revolution also gave new meanings and new ideas to the political ideas of the people.
To get rid of this condition. The third estate demanded one vote for every delegate. The crown abused his power and position and that made him highly unpopular. His defective foreign policy weakened the economic condition of France. The then French Society was divided into three classes— the Clergy, Nobles and Common People. They exploited the common people in various ways. Under the new king, , radical financial reforms by his ministers, and , angered the nobles and were blocked by the who insisted that the king did not have the legal right to levy new taxes.