He used this organisation for the suppression of the national and democratic movements in Europe. He had arranged in advance for newspapers to cover the first peacetime congress of its kind. He also assisted the Swiss Committee and worked on a myriad of smaller issues, like navigation rights on the. Metternich disagreed, believing that the best way to discourage independence movements was to allow each section of the Empire to have its own distinctive rules and laws. The new Pope was gaining a reputation as a liberal nationalist, counterbalancing Metternich and Austria; at the same time, the Empire experienced unemployment and rising prices as a result of poor harvests.
We will place among the first the feebleness and the inertia of Governments. Though no reliable record of their meeting on 26 June 1813 exists, it seems it was a stormy but effective meeting. The universities of Germany were the main centres of this movement. He authorised troop withdrawal from the Papal States in July, but by January 1832 they were back to put down a second rebellion. In Dresden Metternich also made a number of important contacts including , a publicist who would serve Metternich as both confidant and critic for the next thirty years.
Disappointed, and affected by strong criticism of his father's policies, he joined his parents in Vienna in November. After 1815, when the revolutionary and Napoleonic era came to a close, Metternich had but one aim: to prevent any further revolutions occurring in Europe. This would be the topic of mediation with the Ottomans. Diplomatically, with the war drawing to a close, he remained determined to prevent the creation of a strong, unified German state, even offering Napoleon generous terms in order to retain him as a counterweight. There was delay upon their arrival, and Metternich spent the time travelling around Italy again; he visited Venice, Padua, Ferrara, Pisa, Florence and. Despite the opportunities, little diplomacy took place; instead, all that was firmly agreed was that proper discussions would take place at Vienna, with a date tentatively set for 15 August. His mother saw that he was fluent in both German and French; as an adult, he was often happier expressing himself in French.
To put this more positively and simply, his aim was to find ways of restoring and preserving the ancien régime, by which he meant rule by an absolute monarchy and the social dominance of the aristocracy. The police state was failing dismally to prevent subversive ideas corroding further the political system. Before Alexander returned to Russia, Metternich secured his agreement not to act unilaterally and would write to the Tsar again and again asking him not to intervene. He soon accompanied Ferdinand on his first meeting with Tsar Nicholas and the King of Prussia, again at Teplitz. Books, newspapers, journals, plays and even paintings could be banned if the content was deemed likely to foment national or liberal feeling. Most people still lived on the land, but even there changes were under way.
This system came to be called the Holy Alliance, appropriating the name of the coalition of Christian values Alexander had wanted to set up at the Congress of Vienna. Metternich travelled with to Brussels soon after the congress broke up, and although he could not stay more than a few days, the pair exchanged letters for the next eight years. As a reward for his success, Francis I made Metternich a hereditary Prince of the Austrian Empire. The censorship, letter opening and bureaucratic interference did not prevent the flow of liberal and nationalist ideas into the Empire. Metternich was in no case, ready to giveanyright tothe people. Questions to consider w What image, both of himself and of the Habsburg Empire, did Metternich create? This was undoubtedly part of the motivation for Metternich, who demonstrated less affection for her than she for him. The best of all patterns of government, he insisted, was autocratic absolutism, upheld by a loyal army, by a submissive, decently efficient bureaucracy and police machine, and by trustworthy churchmen.
The Austrian Empire was a conglomeration of 11 nationalities which had been forced under the rule of the Habsburg family by military conquests in the 17th century. Vague in their origin, they pass through periods of development and perfection, to arrive in time at their decadence; and, conforming to the laws of man's nature, they have, like him, their infancy, their youth, their age of strength and reason, and their age of decay. More to the point, up until 1848 the system worked very well. The system was modeled after an international summit in Vienna in 1814, and the first Congress occurred in Aix-la-Chapelle in 1818 to decide the issue of the occupation of France. Although the several powers gathered at Vienna had formerly been allies in war they strenuously disagreed amongst themselves over the post war settlement of Europe. Instead, Metternich chose to fight an overwhelmingly fruitless war against the forces of liberalism and nationalism. Ultimately, the Austrian Foreign Minister was torn between following through on his conservative pledge a policy favoured by the Russians and keeping out of a country in which Austria had no interest favoured by the British.
Despite the confusing nonsense of the Tsar Alexanders so-called Holy Alliance, it was Metternichs Quadruple Alliance and the resultant Congress System that established some sort of mechanism to allow Europes resurgent superpowers to co-ordinate their efforts to fight the revolutionary fires wherever they should start. In a brief resurgence of energy in early 1856, he busied himself in arrangements for a marriage between his son Richard and his granddaughter Pauline Richard's step-sister's daughter and undertook more travel. Not only this, Metternich could also establish indirect control over the other Italian provinces. Metternich regarded the liberal and national movements revolutions as a big threat to the peace and causing instability. Alexander I's suggestion was not adopted.
Words and concepts to note Ancien régime: a general term for The Old Order in Europe before the French Revolution of 1789, when most countries were ruled by absolute monarchs and the aristocracy were the dominant class. Metternich spent four months in Italy, endlessly busy and suffering chronic inflammation of the eyelids. Retrieved 16 June 2017 — via Cambridge Core. Between the end of 1790 and summer of 1792 Metternich studied law at the , receiving a more conservative education than at Strasbourg, a city the return to which was now unsafe. In late 1808 Metternich was recalled to Vienna for five weeks of meetings about the possibility of Austria invading France while Napoleon was. Vienna in the Age of Metternich.