They were empowered to make the Constitution as well as the laws of their Dominions. The proviso to section forty-one which limits the jurisdiction of courts martial shall not apply to offences committed in either of the new dominions or in any of the other territories which were included in India before the appointed day. The Constituent assembly then appointed Lord Mountbatten as the First Governor General of the Indian Dominion. India continued with the British king as Sovereign until it became a republic in 1950 with the adoption of the. Those civil service personnel who wanted to resign after transfer of power to both the dominions were to be allowed to do so. On the whole, the Act ended the agonies of freedom-fighters and threw upon them the gigantic task of giving a new constitution to India, which could take the nation on the path of peace and prosperity and end the poverty of masses. Territories of the new Dominions.
Consequences of the setting up of the new Dominions. The act also mentioned the consequences of setting up new dominions. This plan was the last plan for Indian independence. Civil servants: Section 10 provided for the continuance of service of the government servants appointed on or before 15 August 1947 under the Governments of new Dominions with full benefits. The Governor-General was made a constitutional head.
Third Schedule-Modifications of Army Act and Air Force Act in relation to British forces. The Indian Independence Act of 1947 was the last legislation of the British Parliament with the intent of creating independent India. It also stated that the British would cease to have any control at all in any affairs of India from August 14, 1947, onwards. Provided that a the said provisions shall apply separately in relation to each of the new Dominions and nothing in this subsection shall be construed as continuing on or after the appointed day any Central Government or Legislature common to both the new Dominions ; b nothing in this subsection shall be construed as continuing in force on or after the appointed day any form of control by His Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom over the affairs of the new Dominions or of any Province or other part thereof ; c so'much of the said provisions as requires the GovernorGeneral or any Governor to act in his discretion or exercise his individual judgment as respects any matter shall cease to have effect as from the appointed day ; d as from the appointed day, no Provincial Bill shall be reserved under the Government of India Act, 1935, for the signification of His Majesty's pleasure, and no Provincial Act shall be disallowed by His Majesty thereunder ; and e the powers of the Federal Legislature or Indian Legislature under that Act, as in force in relation to each Dominion, shall, in the first instance, be exercisable by - the Constituent Assembly of the Dominion in addition to the powers exercisable by that Assembly under subsection 1 of this section. It was not obligatory on the part of both the nations to accept the membership of the British Commonwealth of Nations. This Act may be cited as the Indian Independence Act, 1947.
The Act brought India on the threshold of new era where both the Dominions were to share their own responsibilities without any super power patronage. Communal harmony could not be perfectly achieved. In 1946, it announced that a Cabinet Mission will be sent to India to resolve the issue. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide. He held consultations with all political leaders and found that a compromise between Congress and Muslim League was impossible on the basis of United India.
The were rejected by both the Indian National Congress and the Muslim League. Even after the partition of the country both nations did not live like good neighbour — thanks to the negative attitude of Pakistan towards India. It also made provisions for the constituent assemblies of both India and Pakistan. The Indian National Congress was opposed to extend any help. On the midnight of 14 August and 15 August 1947, India and Pakistan came into existence. First Schedule listed the districts provisionally included in the new province of East Bengal: 1. Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information.
Please take a moment to review. Communal riots occurred throughout the country. Powers of Governor General: Section-9 1. In the Presidency Division, the districts of Jessor, Murshidabad and Nadia. Independence of India is one of the greatest events of history. Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. Each one of these divisions housed various districts, which now belonged to East Bengal.
Princely States of India: there were a total of 562 princely states in India. Three days later he was sworn in as Governor General of Pakistan. There were two separate Constituent Assemblies for the two Dominions which served as Central Legislatures, endowed with full Legislative Authority. First and Second Schedules: 1. Consequences of setting up of the new dominions: 1.
Repeal The Indian Independence Act of 1947 was repealed in Article 395 of the Constitution of India and in Article 221 of the Constitution of Pakistan of 1956. The Secretary for Commonwealth Affairs was to take on his work. The commission was to demarcate Bengal and Punjab into the two new countries. Secretary of State's services, etc. I just downloaded for my cousin.
Dominion of India will represent the desire of the all people in India for self-government, while the Dominion of Pakistan would express the demand of the Muslims for the self-government. This article has not yet received a rating on the project's. The Indian Independence Act of 1947 The British Government introduced the Indian Inde-pendence Bill in Parliament on July 4, 1947 and the Indian Independence Act was enacted after a fortnight on July 18. Not only this, but the scheme was deliberately made mischievous insofar as Indian states were concerned. The British realized the importance of India in combating Japan.