When he arrived at the age of maturity, his uncle recommended him to Khadija, a wealthy, highly respected widow among Quraish, who, like most of her contemporaries, had a substantial interest in the trade caravans that travelled from Mecca to Yemen in the south, and to Syria in the north, so that she might employ him as her agent in a caravan that was about to set out for Syria. Others allege the low morality of the religion and the sensual paradise it promises as a sufficient cause for the zeal of its followers: but even were these admitted to the full, no religion has ever gained a lasting hold upon the souls of men by the force of its sensual permissions and fleshy promises. Meanwhile the Muslims had been expanding eastward into Central Asia, and by the eighth century they could claim lands as far as Turkestan and the Indus valley. On the day of pilgrimage, there was assembled in the valley of Arafat a concourse of a hundred thousand devout pilgrims. Chagrined, but not discouraged, they laid siege to Medina. At other times I see a Presence that speaks the words to me.
It was this knowledge of warfare that allowed Muslim forces to expand the territory's influence. These returned and reported that they had not observed any concentrations anywhere. The clients and allies of the Muslims and of the Jews shall be as respected as the principals… This clearly shows that the Prophet did not force people to accept Islam, rather he promoted peaceful co-existence with followers of other faiths. Those years were, however, years of preparation, when Muhammad's soul was being deepened and proved and made ready for the heavy responsibility that the Divine will had decreed should be placed on him. Soon mockery gave way to active concern.
Pilgrimage to Mecca In the eleventh year of the Hijra, the Prophet decided to go on pilgrimage to Mecca. No section would enter into any separate treaty relations with any outside tribe, nor would any section be compelled to join in any fighting that might take place outside Medina. Muhammad was twenty-five years of age and thus fifteen years Khadija's junior. Finally he even wrote his own document entitled, How Did We Get It So Wrong? This was widely proclaimed in all directions. Allah is Most Forgiving, Ever Merciful.
They had heard from their Jewish fellow townsmen that they were expecting the advent of a Prophet which had been foretold in their Scriptures Deut. These empires were significantly weakened after a period of fighting with one another and other peripheral factions like the Turks, economic turmoil, disease, and environmental problems. For more information on this refer to related questions below. There were persistent rumors, subsequently discovered as originating in malice, that a large force was gathering on the border of Syria with hostile intent. Also banks could tie into allowing more people more opportunities in the Islamic cities, they gave entrepreneurs money to start their businesses. The Prophet decided that the Muslims of Mecca would migrate to Medina, and that for himself he would await God's command.
The Prophet expressed great anxiety lest after his death his followers might be tempted to have recourse to practices which might assign to him a position above that of a human being, as had been done in the case of some previous Prophets by their followers. Jihad was directly responsible for some of the early conquests of Islam outside of the Arabian peninsula. The battle, even before it was fairly joined, took an adverse course, and the Muslim forces were thrown into utter confusion. With the Abbasids, more non-Arabs and non-Muslims were involved in the government administration. But look at the growth and spread of Islam in the West. At every stage and every step of his life, the hand of God was clearly visible as Protector, Guide and Helper.
All a person had to do to gain power and prestige was to convert to Islam. In dozens of ways, his opponents made it almost impossible for him to leave his house to carry his message to any section of the people of Mecca or to those who might be on a visit there. Many of these converted peoples possessed cultures much more advanced than that of the Arabs, and the economic and cultural life of the Arab empire came to be controlled by these non-Arab Muslims mawali. Whenever the Arabs went to war, the Sheikhs could count on the ability to muster their tribesmen as soldiers without issue. What affected his mind most deeply and painfully, however, was the moral and spiritual decline into which his people had fallen, and from which he could see no way of rescuing them, save through Divine guidance and help. The greater part of Egypt fell with little resistance in 640 and the rest shortly afterward. Muhammad was surprised and took counsel with his uncle, who expressed himself favorable and the match was arranged.
Taif still stood out, and though the Jewish stronghold at Khaibar which had long been the center of intrigue against the Muslims had been subdued earlier, danger still threatened from the north. Now she made up her mind to sound Muhammad, whether he would be willing to consider a proposal of marriage. For the purpose of communing with himself and imploring the light and guidance of the Supreme Being concerning the problems that troubled his mind and soul, he formed the habit of retiring, for several days at a time, to one of the hills a few miles out of Mecca. Despite the bitter and cruel persecution that he and his followers continued to suffer, its people were dear to him and he knew that the parting, whenever it came, would be hard for him to bear. Keep the Holy Prophet peace be upon him before you as a model of bravery and piety. In this situation, the Prophet decided to carry his message to Taif, a town about sixty miles south-east of Mecca, which was also a resort of pilgrimage and was more pleasantly situated than Mecca itself. Be just, and spare the feelings of the vanquished.
It included some of the older Meccan Muslims who were good fighters, but the greater number were young men who had had little, if any, combat experience. They beheld, in hope and fear, the dawn of the day which was to decide the issue of the most fateful contest ever waged in the history of man between the forces of truth and righteousness, and those of falsehood and ignorance. Who would take the risk of serious bodily harm, and possibly death, from the vipers and reptiles that abounded inside and around the cave? It was persecution that forced him to migrate from Mecca to Medina. Our last word is: All praise belongs to Allah, Lord of the worlds. About a year after the Emigration, intelligence began to reach the Prophet that the Meccans were preparing a strong force to advance upon Medina.
It was, therefore, resolved to suppress this threat to their established way of life and to their prosperity. A common citizenship of Medina was established and conditions were prescribed for the regulation of the affairs of the town as well as for organizing its internal order and external security. When he mentioned his fear, the Prophet replied: Have no fear. However, population-wise Indonesia is the largest Muslim country in the world. The life of the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him may be divided into two parts: a first thirteen years of the Prophet's mission in Mecca, b the last eleven years of his life in Medina. She sent one of her maids to him on this errand.