But both Palmerston and his blind follower Auckland were so overcome by their fear of Russia that they allowed their political ideas and far-sight to be over-clouded. Mandavi state was annexed in 1839. In 1750 he joined the British East India Company as a clerk and sailed out to India, reaching Calcutta in August 1750. These states would not be permitted to bequeath the inheritance to any adopted son. In 1829 Lord William Bentinck ordered the abolition of the rite of Suttee. The British Resident David Ochterlony took side of the minor son of the deceased king but as the news reached Lord Amherst, Ochterlony was reprimanded for this intervention.
Lord Canning 1856-62 : Lord Canning assumed charge as Governor General early in 1856. Lord Mountbatten Mar 1947 — Aug 1947 1 Last Viceroy of British India and first Governor General of free India. Lord William Bentinck, 1828-1835: Lord William Cavendish Bentinck served as the Governor of Madras in his early life from 1803-1807. Bahadur Shah was sent to Rangoon Burma. Indian Council Act was passed in 1861 University of Bombay, Calcutta, Madras was established in 1857. Royal commssion on Indian Labour was appointed 1929 , Report 1931. Need-less to mention that Macnaghten was compelled by circumstances to sign this dishonourable agreement and naturally he had the least intention to abide by its terms.
Illbert Bill in 1883 was passed by him. Lord Curzon 1899 — 1905 1 Partition of Bengal in 1905. But Sher Singh joined hands with Mulraj and began to fight against the British. They naturally revolved in their minds the question that if the British could behave as they did with loyal dependent states like Nagpur and Oudh, what would happen to other states? Lord Dalhousie stopped the pension of the rulers of Tanjore and Carnatic and thereby threw into the four winds the solemn promise of the British government. He thought that replacement of Dost Mohammad by Shah Shuja would further the cause of the English in Afghanistan and thereby make Afghanistan a friendly buffer State against Persian progress towards Afghanistan with Russian help and ultimately to the Indian border.
Lord Ellenborough and Gwalior : In 1843 Janki Scindia died without leaving any heir. In the , a is the constitutional head of each of the. The British troops had to surrender their arms to the Afghans and leave Afghanistan. Annexation by Application of the Doctrine of Lapse: Lord Dalhousie was out and out an imperialist. Resident Macnaghten was compelled to sign a dishonourable agreement with the Afghans by which Dost Mohammad was to be set free by the British, all British Troops had to be withdrawn from Afghanistan. In 1837 died the Nawab of Oudh and was succeeded by Nasir-ud-din.
Hardly Nasir-ud-din bad assumed as the nawab of Oudh when the widow Begum Badshah Begum of Oudh rebelled against him. At its Haripura Session February, 1939 Congress declared Poorna Swaraj ideal to cover native states and British India. Dalhousie cannot escape sharing in a large measure the responsibility for the Revolt of 1857. The first state to be annexed by application of the Doctrine of Lapse was Satara. Rajagopalachari became the only Indian Governor-General. Beginning of Indianisation of the officers cadre of the Indian army. Lord Auckland refused to put pressure on Ranjit Singh for return of Peshwar to Dost Mohammad and the latter also refused to have any friendly relation with the English.
He also had reformed the judicial system of Punjab, established schools and encouraged the people of Punjab to live a peaceful life. The also empowers the governor to act upon his or her own discretion, such as the ability to appoint or dismiss a , recommend , or reserve bills for the President's assent. He made English as the language of higher education. But he sought to strike a bargain through his friendship with the English, namely, to recover Peshwar from Ranjit Singh of Punjab who had conquered it from Persia. The list of governor generals in India and their achievements are as following: i. Appointment of the first Famine Commission under Sir Richard Strachey. He was an active moderniser.
He went further ahead with the cuts and reduced the allowance pay ' batta' of the officers of the army by half. While leaving Afghanistan without any arms and ammunition quite a number of the British troops lost their lives at the hands of the Afghans. This gradually led to frontier clashes. It was from the time of Lord Bentinck that the British Government in England became unnecessarily afraid of Russia. Sir Charles Metcaffe 1835 — 1836 He abolished all restrictions on vernacular press He was also called Liberator of the press. This conduct while damaged the prestige of the Nawab of Oudh to his own people.
In 1814 he made a Privy Counsellor. Policy of Masterly inactivity towards Afghanistan was replaced by Forward Policy. It was not difficult for Nasir- ud-din to crush the rebellion, but the internal maladministration which caused the rebellion did not show any sign of improvement. Faqir Aziz-ud-din, a Muslim, was his foreign minister. So long as Ranjit Singh was alive the English maintained a cordial relation with him and even received help from him in placing Shah Shuja on the throne of Afghanistan. He did not venture to act according to the directive of the Court of Directors.