He was Director of the so called company which actually wanted to take control over all of Indian Princely States. From 1858 to 1947, the Governor-General was known as the Viceroy of India from the French roi, meaning 'king' , and wives of Viceroys were known as Vicereines from the French reine, meaning 'queen'. Robert Clive 1765-1767 was the second governor of Bengal, and established dual government in Bengal from 1765 to 1772. These major reforms lasted, with all their implications, into the twentieth century. The made several changes to the Council's composition.
He was recalled to England in 1812. Though construction began in 1912, it did not conclude until 1929; the palace was not formally inaugurated until 1931. The first three members were permitted to participate on all occasions, but the fourth member was only allowed to sit and vote when legislation was being debated. Many parts of the Indian subcontinent were governed by the East India Company, which nominally acted as the agent of the. However, once India acquired independence, the Governor-General's role became almost entirely ceremonial, with power being exercised on a day-to-day basis by the Indian cabinet.
A third major reform was in the legal sphere. Hastings had great respect for ancient Indian scriptures. Lord Irwin 1926 — 1931 : Simon Commission imposed on Indians and Gandhi-Irwin pact was signed. Through this Policy many regions were annexed. The five individuals appointed by the Sovereign or the headed the executive departments, while those appointed by the Viceroy debated and voted on legislation.
George Barlow 1805 — 1907 : Vellore Mutiny 1806 Lord Mint I 1807 — 1813 : Treaty of Amritsar with Ranjit Sing: Passed Charter Act 1813. All the best for your exam You can join or visit at or for always keep in touch with further updates. Now we will see the Governor General of India list and important events. Governor of Bengal, Governor of Madras and Governor of Bombay. Cornwallis resigned as Governor-General in 1793 because the officers of the Bengal army were obstructive and he failed to find the full support from London which he demanded. From 1858, to reflect the Governor-General's new additional role as the Monarch's representative in re the fealty relationships vis the princely states, the additional title of Viceroy was granted, such that the new office was entitled and Governor-General of India.
The Court of Directors assigned a based in India to assist the Governor General, and decision of council was binding on the Governor General during 1773-1784. The designation 'Viceroy', although it was most frequently used in ordinary parlance, had no statutory authority, and was never employed by Parliament. He was known for his utter honesty, lacking in most other company officials. Its objective was to translate Sanskrit and Persian literature in English. Hastings was later impeached in the for crimes during his time in India, especially for the alleged judicial killing of.
Warren Hastingsgave strength to the foundation. Now, it serves as the residence of the Governor of the Indian state of , and is referred to by its name. In result, once again company asked for 10 Lakhs pound loan from the Bank of England. He withdrew the doctrine of lapse. If you found your photographs here and have issues with that please E-mail me with your requests, I will remove your photographs from public domain.
The Charter Act 1833 made further changes to the structure of the Council. Afterwards, Cooch Behar recognised British sovereignty and remained a princely state till 1947. Having by these reverses had his eyes opened to the real strength of the British power in India, and fearing lest further disasters should overtake him, the king proposed terms of peace, and eventually agreed to cede to the English Tenasserim, Arracan, and Assam, and to pay the expenses of the war. In 1791, Sir Jonathan Duncan laid the foundation of Benaras Sanskrit College for learning of Sanskrit. The Council of India was later abolished by. They were- Satara in 1849, Jaitpur and Sambhalpur in 1849, Baghat in 1850, Udaipur in 1852, Jhansi in 1853, Nagpur in 1854 and Awadh in 1856.
The Viceroy also oversaw the most powerful : the of , the of , the Maharaja of , the of and the Gaekwar Maharaja of. Lord Minto I 1807-13 Wellesley resigned as Governor General of India in 1805 and was replaced by Lord Minto 1807-13. He passed the Charter Act of 1833. Lord Cornwallis 1786-93 The first Governor-General under the new Act was Lord Cornwallis. In 1858, the Court of Directors ceased to have the power to elect members of the Council.
Copyright © Indrajit Das you can share this post subjects to the conditions that please give due credit to Author Indrajit Das and do not alter before sharing. How the Governor Generals and Viceroys were involved in India? Rowlatt Act passed in 1919. Lord Canning 1856-1858 : He is the last governor-general of India. Lord Dufferin 1884 — 1888 : He involved third Burmese War in 1885. In urban areas, he established Diwani Adalats for civil cases and Faujdari Adalats for criminal cases. This Act proved to be landmark in the history of India.