The theme of the story is that man has no control over his destinies and that nature controls everything. Nature is always pushing man to his limits. None of the men may have known the color of the sky as they sat in the dinghy for hours tossed on the sea, but they intimately learned the colors of the sea. Throughout the story these four distinct men pull together and establish a brotherhood. All we have, Crane asserts, in our constant struggle for survival, is stubborn pride--and each other.
Occasionally, a great spread of water, like white flames, swarmed into her. Would the Universe give pause if we were suddenly plucked away? As the characters in the story come to realize, our only hope is in our sympathy and concern for other human beings. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a student. The ideas Darwin put forth contributed to the idea that biological and environmental forces controlled human beings. The first paragraph opens with the gloomy description of the setting as the men are positioned at the mercy of the sea.
The Oxford Companion to American Literature. Published: Mon, 5 Dec 2016 Naturalism is a form of literature that strives to achieve the reproduction of the human characters with the involvements of environment, heredity, instinct, chance, and also the present social conditions of the particular time in which the work was written. The setting of the story portrays the actual scene as it had happened with Crane. Crane sailed out from Jacksonville, Florida and was stranded in a dinghy on the Atlantic Ocean. Thus, naturalistic writers write stories based on the idea that environment determines and governs human character. Naturalism was boxed-in by a determinism established by Darwinian theory and Marxist economics. Man was just a prop inside nature, a rag doll that is moved only by the external forces of the universe.
Download file to see next pages Read More. Billie goes outside the order of Nature. The ocean, the currents, the winds, the temperature of the sea, the sun rising and setting; these are all factors of nature that play a role in how the men are affected while drifting in their dingy. Maybe they think were damn fools. All Answers ltd, 'Naturalism The Open Boat To Build A Fire English Literature Essay' 997689. The four men encounter a myriad of difficulties in their struggle for survival. Nature because of its dangerous setting.
Only the oiler does not survive. Crane reveals to his readers what these four men themselves do not know. The story opens with four men, known simply as the captain, the oiler, the correspondent, and the cook, stranded in the ocean in a small boat. Billie, the oiler who worked the hardest to keep them afloat, did not survive in the end. A feeling of loneliness is conveyed from the understanding that man is alone in the universe and insignificant to the workings of the universe. These words clearly show not only pessimism about their situation but a somewhat loss of hope in the human ability to comprehend the need for help. Naturalism aimed at a detached, scientific objective portrayal of a natural self controlled by instincts and ruled by passion.
The second, third, fourth and fifth paragraph introduces the reader to the cook, oiler, correspondent and captain, the crew members who are the primary and almost only characters of the story. Nature does not regard anyone special and will go on its way no matter how seemingly destructive or lethal its consequences will be to man. It typically is argued as only fiction, but many lean toward its nonfictional quality. But in between land and sea sky's a tower that may mean hope and may mean death. But why do we think of ourselves in such a lofty fashion? The boat gets tossed around as the ocean moves at its will and pleasure with total disregard for the boat and its passengers. As the men struggle to remain alive in the dinghy, they find false hopes of rescue. They try their best to overcome the adversities of the water and raging storm.
Symbolic use of characters and human titles plays a key role in delivering the message of the author. In his life story, he is the correspondent while the captain, the cook, and the oiler are also real-life men who shared the dinghy. They face constant opposition from two powerful predators — society and nature. Now the lines of this poem depicting the death of a soldier in Algiers speak with unsurpassable grace. Billie's survival was never assured. In the third section Crane artfully develops the brotherhood of man as a compelling counterpart to the destructive nature which surrounds these men.
The characters each faced the challenge differently: some behaved as expected as in the case of the captain with his collected authority. Despite the echoing pessimism in this literary output, naturalists are generally concerned with improving the human condition around the world. There was no hope for the men, no signs of something good to come. If it did, why would it kill the strongest swimmer in the oiler? Considered by some to be one of the finest stories ever written by an American, The Open Boat is a classic example of Stephen Crane's employment of realism, naturalism and symbolism in his works. As he looks out toward the darkness, he notices a finned object swimming about near the boat.