Through telling how it happened, however, the narrative reveals the reasons why it occurred. To help financially, the MacTeer's take in a boarder named Henry Washington, who the girls call Mr. In the autumn of 1941, the year the marigold in the Breedloves' garden do not bloom. After all, she thinks, everybody has started looking at her differently. Eventually, however, she comes to believe that the earth itself was unyielding, and that their hopes of saving the baby were just as futile as Cholly's lust for his own child.
Pecola is the end of a lineafter losing her baby and then her mind. And, to Pecola in 1941, being more beautiful meant the same thing it did to Michael Jackson half a century later: being whiter. The two of them decide that the reason for the latter phenomenon is jealousy. Her father, Cholly, abuses alcohol and her parents fight constantly. Pecola goes mad, believing that her cherished wish has been fulfilled and that she has the bluest eyes. She believes that the only way she can be beautiful and accepted is if she has.
The brief narrative focuses on Jane. The first section is a version of the classic Dick and Jane stories found in grade school reading primers. As they make their way around the neighborhood, they learn that Pecola has been impregnated by her father. Names play an important part in The Bluest Eye because they are often symbolic of conditions in society or in the context of the story. In the fantasy she envisions her mother getting swept up by strong winds. Miserable and desperate, Pecola believes more than ever that blue eyes would change her life.
In January 1988, having worked her way up in the literary hierarchy, Morrison received the Ritz-Hemingway, National Book, and National Book Critics Circle nominations for Beloved — but no awards. From Pecola's wish and from many other events in the novel, it becomes clear that most of the people in Lorrain's black community consider whiteness beautiful and blackness ugly. The novel's focus, however, is on a girl named. GradeSaver, 13 April 2000 Web. The language of these conversations is revealing: Claudia and Frieda accurately observe that there is no real sorrow for Pecola.
That summer, she and Frieda try to make money by selling packets of seed door-to-door in hopes that they'll be able to get a bicycle. He teases them and does a magic trick for them — presenting a penny then hiding it in his clothes for the girls to find. Although Frieda and Claudia attempt to make a difference, there is nothing they can do to make their flowers grow. He meets and weds Pauline in Kentucky and the couple moves to Lorain, Ohio. As a young woman, she loses herself in movies.
She lavishes her love on the white family for whom she works, while her own family lives in squalor. We return to Claudia's narrative. The critics were divided about the horror of a mother's murdering her drug-addicted son: To some, the act was unforgivable; to others, the woman exhibited a mother's utmost love and courage. The preoccupation with ancestry from earlier sections takes on a sinister edge and the idea of inheritance is brought in and subverted: Pecola has inherited a legacy of shame and self-loathing, and she has also possibly inherited her insanity from Cholly's mother. Rosemary Villanucci, our next-door friend who lives above her father's cafe, sits in a 1939 Buick eating bread and butter. Probably the most destructive ideas in the history of human thought. Back in the present, Cholly comes home drunk one day to find Pecola washing dishes.
Cholly and Darlene are humiliated, and Cholly, unable to direct his anger at the white men, turns it onto Darlene instead. Like a patchwork vision of her collective unconscious, the novel draws on family lore and a wisdom sprung from surviving. The couple had two sons before their marriage crumbled. Claudia's perspective is balanced by the third person narrator, and Pauline Breedlove narrates for parts of one of the middle sections of the novel. Pecola becomes pregnant with her father's child.
And also — about the same time on the other side of the Atlantic: Namely, having blue eyes! Claudia and Frieda feel terrible sorrow for Pecola, all the more so because no one else does. Unlike the rest of the community, the girls want the baby to live. Morrison was appointed Robert F. The MacTeers decide to take in a boarder named Mr. All of the Breedloves are considered ugly, although part of the novel's work is to question and deconstruct what that ugliness really means.
China, Poland, and Marie tolerate her presence without providing any deep love for the girl. In 1987, Beloved was awarded the Pulitzer Prize. In what ways does Morrison show how Pecola's environment-and American society as a whole-are hostile to her very existence? What social commentary is implicit in Morrison's superimposing these bland banalities describing a white family and its activities upon the tragic story of the destruction of a young black girl? Key Facts full title · The Bluest Eye author · Toni Morrison type of work · Novel genre · Coming-of-age, tragedy, elegy language · English time and place written · New York, 1962— 1965 date of first publication · 1970 publisher · Holt, Rinehart, and Winston. She loses herself in movies, which reaffirm her belief that she is ugly and that romantic love is reserved for the beautiful. This third repetition alerts us that the story that follows operates in two related ways: it presents a sequence of images that are isolated from one another, and it presents a sequence of images that are connected by sheer momentum rather than any inherent relationship. There, she experienced exclusion but did not suffer the intense racism felt by such black writers as Maya Angelou, Dick Gregory, and Richard Wright.